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Last Updated: 18 September 2022

Figure 1. Chemical structure of Anthocyanosides (or Anthocyanidin).

Anthocyanosides, i.e. Anthocyanidin and Anthocyanins, are two types of red-blue plant flavonoids, mostly found in flowers and fruits of higher plants. Anthocyanins are water-soluble vacuolar pigments that may appear red, purple, blue, or black depending on their pH value. They occur in all tissues of higher plants, including leaves, stems, roots, flowers, and fruits. Anthocyanidin are the sugar-free counterpart of Anthocyanins derived from hydrolysis.

Food Sources

Food plants rich in Anthocyanosides include the blueberry, raspberry, black rice, and black soybean, among many others. Examples include:

Taken as a Dietary Supplement

Anthocyanosides is one of the bioactive components in nutraceutical and traditional medicine. It has been traditionally used as a phytopharmaceutical, appetite stimulant, choleretic agent, and a supplement for many other diseases. These coloured pigments are potent nutraceutical or pharmaceutical ingredients.

Studies have shown that Anthocyanosides may be beneficial to human health. Anthocyanosides possess antioxidative and antimicrobial activities, improve visual and neurological health, and help protect against various non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular disease and diabetes. The chemical structure of Anthocyanosides (i.e. anthocyanin chalcones and quinoidal bases with a double bond conjugated to the keto group) make them efficient antioxidants and scavengers of free radicals. 

For a full list of Anthocyanosides' potential benefits (with citations), refer to the links below.


Benefits of Anthocyanosides against chronic diseases @ National Library of Medicine, U.S.


Other health benefits of Anthocyanosides @ National Library of Medicine, U.S.

  Sources and Citations:

* Please be advised: always seek medical consultation if you require medical help or attention. The contents of this Codex are for educational purposes and are not intended to offer personal medical advice.

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